Anaemia Pernicious Nursing Care Plan



Ref: CP05

Anaemia Pernicious Nursing Care Plan

Pernicious anaemia, vitamin B12 or folate deficiency anaemia occurs when a lack of either of these vitamins affects the body’s ability to produce fully functioning red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen around the body.

The cells of the body use the oxygen to break down sugar and fat, which then produces the body’s energy, so if there is insufficient oxygen there is likely to be a lack of energy. Most people with vitamin B12 or folate deficiency anaemia have red blood cells, which are underdeveloped and larger than normal.

Pernicious anaemia is an autoimmune condition, which affects the stomach. It causes the immune system to attack the cells in the stomach, which produce the intrinsic factor, which means it is unable to absorb vitamin B12.

It is also possible to develop a vitamin B12 deficiency as a result of not getting enough vitamin B12 from diet such as a vegan diet may lack the intrinsic factor because it does not include eating meat.

The Pernicious Anaemia Care Plan sets out a clear explanation of the resident’s issue, and will guide the nurse or carer through the process of preparing a comprehensive, individual person centred Care Plan.

Pernicious Anaemia Nursing Care Plan Features:

Identifies the symptoms of pernicious anaemia

Identifies the effect the symptoms have on a resident

Details a comprehensive plan of care

Identifies possible complications


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