Cirrhosis Nursing Care Plan



Ref: CP028

Cirrhosis Nursing Care Plan

Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver as a result of continuous, long-term liver damage. The scar tissue prevents the liver from working properly. The damage caused by cirrhosis can’t be reversed and eventually can become so extensive the liver stops functioning. This is called liver failure.

Cirrhosis can be fatal if the liver fails. However, it usually takes years for the condition to reach this stage and treatment can help slow its progression. There are many different causes of cirrhosis. The most common causes are drinking excessive amounts of alcohol and long-term hepatitis C infections. In some cases, no specific cause is identified.

There are usually few symptoms in the early stages of cirrhosis. However, as the liver loses its ability to function properly, this can result in a loss of appetite, nausea and itchy skin. In the later stages, symptoms can include jaundice, yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes, vomiting blood, dark, tarry-looking stools and a build-up of fluid in the legs, oedema and abdomen, ascites.

The Care plan sets out a clear explanation of the resident’s issue, and will guide the nurse or carer through the process of preparing a comprehensive, individual person centred Care Plan.

Cirrhosis Nursing Care Plan Features:

Identifies the signs and symptoms experienced

Details a comprehensive plan of care

Identifies the possible serious complications




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