Common Cold Nursing Care Plan



Ref: CP034

Common Cold Nursing Care Plan

A cold is a mild viral infection of the nose, throat, sinuses and upper airways. It usually lasts for a week and usually causes a blocked nose followed by a running nose, sneezing, a sore throat and a cough. Taking over-the-counter medication, and drinking plenty of fluids can relieve the symptoms.

Indications of spread of the infection to the chest, ears or sinuses are where the symptoms persist for more than three weeks, or where there is a high temperature of 39°C or above, or where blood stained phlegm is being coughed up, or there is chest pain, or breathing difficulties, or severe swelling of the lymph nodes, glands in the neck and or armpits.

It is possible to have one cold after another, as a different virus causes each one. A cold can be spread through direct contact, through sneezing or coughing, where, the tiny cold virus droplets are breathed in. There can be indirect contact where the cold virus droplets are sneezed onto a hard surface such as a door handle, and then touched by another person.

The contagious period is two to three days before the symptoms begin and continue until all the symptoms have gone. Most people will be contagious for around two weeks.

This care plan sets out a clear explanation of the resident’s issue, and will quickly guide the nurse or carer through the process of preparing a comprehensive, individual person centred Care Plan.

Common Cold Nursing Care Plan Features:

Identifies the signs and symptoms

Details a comprehensive plan of care

Identifies the possible complications


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