Deep Vein Thrombosis Nursing Care Plan



Ref: CP044

Deep Vein Thrombosis Nursing Care Plan

Deep Vein Thrombosis, DVT, refers to the formation of a thrombus or blood clot within a deep vein, commonly in the thigh or calf. The blood clot can either partially or completely block the flow of blood in the vein. A DVT can be caused by a narrowed or blocked vein, which allows the blood to clot. This can be brought on by an injury to the vein, such as a sharp blow to the leg, or following surgery or radiation therapy. It can also be caused by poor circulation as a result of inactivity or prolonged bed rest or as the result of severe infection, liver disease and some cancers.

A DVT becomes life-threatening when a piece of the blood clot breaks off and travels downstream through the heart into the pulmonary circulation system, and becomes lodged in the lung. Diagnosis and treatment of a deep venous thrombus is meant to prevent a pulmonary embolism.

The symptoms of a DVT may include pain, swelling, warmth and redness of the leg usually the calf. Various diagnostic tests can be used such as D-dimer blood test, ultrasound scan, a Doppler ultrasound or a venogram.

The Care Plan sets out a clear explanation of the resident’s issue, and will guide the nurse or carer through the process of preparing a comprehensive, individual person centred Care Plan.

Deep Vein Thrombosis Nursing Care Plan Features:

Identifies the symptoms experienced

Details a comprehensive plan of care to address the issues

Identifies possible complications

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