Warfarin Nursing Care Plan



Ref: CP0200

Warfarin Nursing Care Plan

Warfarin medication is used to treat blood clots, such as deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolus, and, or prevent new clots from forming in the body. Preventing harmful blood clots helps to reduce the risk of a stroke or heart attack. Conditions that increase the risk of developing blood clots include a certain type of irregular heart rhythm called atrial fibrillation, heart valve replacement, recent heart attack, and certain surgeries such as fracture and hip/knee replacement.

Warfarin is commonly called a “blood thinner”, but the more correct term for it is an “anticoagulant”. The blood needs vitamin K to be able to clot. Warfarin slows the production of vitamin K in the body, which increases the time it takes for the blood to clot. It helps the blood to flow freely around the body and prevents any clots forming in the heart or in the blood vessels.

While taking warfarin, the dose will be monitored using the international normalisation ratio, INR, which measures how long it takes the blood to clot. Many herbal medicines and supplements can interact with warfarin, it is important to check with the anticoagulant clinic, GP or pharmacist. Aspirin and Ibuprofen should not be taken when taking warfarin.

The Care Plan sets out a clear explanation of the resident’s issue, and will guide the nurse or carer through the process of preparing a comprehensive, individual person centred Care Plan.

Warfarin Nursing Care Plan Features:

Details the reason for the treatment

Details a comprehensive plan of care

Identifies possible complications


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